German Ambassador Klaus Scharioth
Ambassador Klaus Scharioth will be in Tulsa the morning of Tuesday, September 15, 2009, to share his views on transatlantic relations in such areas as the current economic situation in Germany and the European Union, the cooperation between nations, global climate conditions and the over-all cultural climate since the fall of the Berlin Wall twenty years ago. The Ambassador will also open the floor for questions after his remarks.
Ambassador Klaus Scharioth has been Germany’s highest ranking representative to the American government since 2006. Close contacts with members of the US Administration, with legislators as well as with American cultural and business worlds are crucial to the Ambassador’s job of maintaining and furthering the relationship between Germany and the United States.
Joining Ambassador Scharioth in Tulsa will be the Honorary Roland Herrmann, Consul General for Germany based in Houston, TX, and Chuck Wiggin, the Honorary Consul General for Germany in Oklahoma.
The breakfast will be in the B.S. Roberts Room, North Hall, on the OSU-Tulsa campus beginning at 7:30 a.m. The event is just $20 per person in advance, $25 at the door, and $10 for students, with online registration available at http://bus.collins.utulsa.edu/cepd/germany.asp. More information is available by calling 918-591-4750. Seating is limited. The presenting sponsor for Breakfast with the German Ambassador is TD Williamson, other sponsors are Tulsa Global Alliance, Tulsa Committee on Foreign Relations, Tulsa Metro Chamber, University of Tulsa, and OSU-Tulsa.
Robert H. Donaldson, Professor of Political Science, University of Tulsa
“The U.S., Russia, and Regional Security: Why ‘Reset’ is Not Enough”
Much has been made of the Obama Administration’s verbal commitment to “pressing the reset button” with Russia, after years of mounting tension culminated in acrimony during the Russia-Georgia war last year. President Obama’s trip to Moscow in July seemed to go well, despite his remark before arriving that Prime Minister Putin seemed to have “one foot in the Cold War.” But tough issues lie ahead. Negotiating a new strategic arms treaty may be the easiest task. Harder still will be determining the future of NATO enlargement and of the U.S. project for installing missile defenses in Poland and the Czech Republic—both of which have been strongly condemned by Moscow.
Our September speaker will have just returned from meetings in Moscow with Russian foreign ministry personnel and policy analysts to discuss Russia’s proposed alternatives for collective security and defense in Europe.
Robert Donaldson served as President of TU from 1990-96. Previously he was President of Fairleigh Dickinson University, New Jersey’s largest private university, and Provost of Lehman College of the City University of New York. He has also taught at Vanderbilt University and at Harvard University; the latter institution awarded his B.A., M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in political science. Dr. Donaldson has authored or co-authored six books and monographs and more than two dozen articles and book chapters. His latest book, with Joseph Nogee, is The Foreign Policy of Russia: Changing Systems, Enduring Interests; the fourth edition was published in March of this year.
Dr. Donaldson has lectured widely and has served as a consultant to several government agencies including the Department of State and the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College. A member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Dr. Donaldson is also past president of the American Committees on Foreign Relations.
Dr. Joshua Muravchik, Foreign Policy Institute Fellow
“The Next Founders: Voices of Democracy in the Middle East”
Advocates of the war in Iraq as a democracy-building opportunity—the “Neo-Conservatives”—have in recent months been widely criticized in the media and in public discourse. Their insistence that America should use its predominant power—including its military capabilities—for the purpose of spreading democracy in the Middle East and elsewhere is currently out of favor in Washington. Our October speaker is a prominent member of the “neo-conservative” movement who has just published a book championing the efforts of liberal reformers in the Middle East.
Joshua Muravchik has been a Resident Scholar at the American Enterprise Institute and is now a Foreign Policy Institute Fellow at the Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies, as well as an adjunct professor at the Institute of World Politics and at the Washington Institute for Near Eastern Policy. A prolific writer, he has written Heaven on Earth: The Rise and Fall of Socialism, The Imperative of American Leadership, and Exporting Democracy, as well as his latest book, which carries the same title as his talk to us (and will be available for purchase at the meeting). Dr. Muravchik serves on the editorial boards of World Affairs, the Journal of International Security Affairs, and the Journal of Democracy.
Joshua Muravchik’s start in public life was as chairman of the Young People’s Socialist League. In the mid-1970s he (like other former leftists) migrated to the camp of “hawkish” Democratic Senator Henry Jackson. In the 1980s, he and others of similar persuasion became supporters of Ronald Reagan, and in the post-Cold War period, advocates of the “war on terror” and interventionist policies in the Middle East.
Dr. Muravchik attracted considerable attention with a 2006 op-ed in the Los Angeles Times entitled, “Bomb Iran,” and with a memo to “my fellow neo-conservatives” in Foreign Policy later in that year entitled, “Operation Comeback.
Dr. Martin Edwin (“Mick”) Andersen, National Defense University
“Is the State Department Lip-syncing Gen. Custer? Indigenous Rights, the Latin Left and the Slaughter of U.S. Diplomacy”
Martin Edwin “Mick” Andersen’s professional activities have taken him to every Spanish-speaking country in the Western Hemisphere except Cuba. He has worked as a foreign correspondent, historian and democratic development expert in Latin America; as an investigative reporter focusing on U.S. homeland security, crime and corruption, as well as an educator and a good government activist.
From 1982-1987, Andersen was a special correspondent for Newsweek and The Washington Post based in Buenos Aires from 1982-1987 and was one of the first non-Peruvian reporters to cover that country’s Shining Path guerrillas from their stronghold in the Andes, in early 1982. In 1985, he covered the “mini-Nuremberg” trials of the Argentine military juntas and two years later reported on the Holy Week military rebellion from the Campo de Mayo army base outside Buenos Aires. Andersen is also a former managing editor of Port Security News, the Washington correspondent for GSN: Government Security News, an investigative reporter for Insight on the News and Congressional Quarterly/Homeland Security (CQ/HLS), and has been a frequent contributor and guest columnist for the London Economist, the Washington Times, the Miami Herald, the Christian Science Monitor, the Los Angeles Times, and the Madison (WI) Capitol Times.
More than a two dozen investigative articles Andersen published in Insight magazine on corruption and cronyism at the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) led to significant reforms at the IDB designed to improve transparency there. A series of investigative articles for CQ/HLS resulted in a major DHS Inspector General’s investigation at the Transportation Security Administration and an FBI probe of grave security flaws at the Lawrence Livermore nuclear weapons facility run by the University of California. An article Andersen wrote for the Washington Times broke a $40 million congressional bribery scandal in Buenos Aires.
As a professional staff member of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, working directly for Senate Majority Whip Alan Cranston, Andersen was the staff author of various legislative initiatives signed into law by President George H.W. Bush, including bills that: required coverage of the rights of indigenous peoples in the annual State Department human rights report; gave the U.S. Department of Justice authority to conduct administration of justice programs in Eastern and Central Europe and the former Soviet Union, and authorized the obtaining, through barter, of ex-Soviet Special Nuclear Materials (SNM). He also accompanied Cranston to India and Pakistan in a show bi-partisan support for confidence building measures offered by Deputy National Security Advisor Robert Gates in order to avert the possibility of a war between the de-facto nuclear powers.
Andersen was centrally involved in the Senate leader’s efforts to promote reform the International Military Education and Training program to include training of legislators and their staffs (“expanded IMET” concept), additional emphasis on humanitarian law, and was the staff author of the “War Crimes Prevention Act of 1991,” an attempt to focus attention on the need for greater training in humanitarian law by armed forces around the world. He worked closely with both the El Salvador military and leftist guerrillas on key civil-military and administration of justice issues, providing needed information and proposals to both sides that helped move the peace negotiations forward and paved the way for U.S. Department of Justice-led efforts to take a leading role in the construction of a new national civilian police force.
Andersen also served as a senior advisor for policy planning with the Criminal Division of the U.S. Justice Department. In 2001, he won the U.S. Office of Special Counsel’s “Public Servant Award” for his extraordinary contributions in protecting national security information and combating administrative misconduct at Justice, the first ever federal employee in the national security category to receive such an honor. That same year, he was a specially-invited panelist for the “Transparency and Integrity in Government” workshop at Global Forum on Fighting Corruption and Safeguarding Integrity, sponsored by the Dutch government, in The Hague, The Netherlands.
Andersen, a graduate of the Johns Hopkins University’s School for Advanced International Studies (SAIS) and the University of Wisconsin-Parkside, is a former director of Latin America and Caribbean programs for the National Democratic Institute for International Affairs (NDI), headed by Vice President Walter F. Mondale, and the founder of its Civil-Military Project. For nearly a decade, 1997-2006, he was the senior Latin America analyst for Freedom House, the New York-based human rights group, and has also worked as an international consultant for the IDB and the International Foundation for Election Systems (IFES). Andersen also served as the senior editor and legislative systems specialist for a U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)-sponsored project resulting in the creation of a 200-page “Transitional Election Planning Manual” for future use in an electoral opening in Cuba.
He is the author of two books on Argentine history— La Policia: Pasado, Presente y Propuestas para el Futuro (2000) and Dossier Secreto: Argentina’s Desaparecidos and the Myth of the “Dirty War” (1993)—the latter praised by The New York Times as “a tour de force,” as well as the editor of Hacia una Nueva Relación: El papel de las Fuerzas Armadas en un Gobierno Democrático (1990). Other of Andersen’s publications include: “Los Medios Frente a la Violencia: La Mejor Manera de Cubrirla,” in Jorge Sapoznikow, et al., Convivencia y seguridad: un reto a la governabilidad, (2000); “The Undone Reform: Civil-Military Relations and the Administration of Justice in Mexico,” in Riordan Roett (ed.), The Challenge of Institutional Reform in Mexico (1995); “Chiapas, Indigenous Rights and the Coming Fourth World Revolution,” The SAIS Review, (Summer-Fall 1994); “International Administration of Justice: The New American Security Frontier,” The SAIS Review, (Winter-Spring 1993); “The Military Obstacle to Latin Democracy,” Foreign Policy, (Winter 1988-1989); “Staying the Course in Chile,” The SAIS Review, (Winter-Spring 1987); and “Dateline Argentina: Hello Democracy,” Foreign Policy, (Summer 1984).
In April 2006, he was the co-author, together with Dr. James Jay Carafano, of the report, Trade Security at Sea: Setting National Priorities for Safeguarding America’s Economic Lifeline, published by The Heritage Foundation’s Maritime Security Working Group. In August 2006, he published an essay, “Failing States, Ungoverned Spaces and the Indigenous Challenge in Latin America,” in the Center for Hemispheric Defense Studies’ Security and Defense Studies Review.
Andersen has also provided testimony before the U.S. Congress on indigenous rights; federal employee free speech rights, and international administration of justice, and has been a lecturer on topics—including counter-insurgency and how to cover war crimes trials—at civilian and military educational institutions such as Georgetown University, American University, the Marine Corps University, Addis Ababa University, the U.S. Foreign Service Institute, and the Defense Institute of Security Assistance Management (DISAM).
The Honorable Francis Rooney, former U.S. Ambassador to the Vatican
“U.S. Relations with the Vatican”
This year marks the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the United States and the Vatican. Although meetings between the Pope and the U.S. President always receive media attention, relatively little coverage is given to the nature of the “foreign policy” positions and interactions of the two. Our December speaker, a prominent Tulsa business leader, has only recently left his position as U.S. Ambassador to the Holy See.
Francis Rooney is the Chief Executive Officer of Rooney Holdings, Inc., and of Manhattan Construction Group, Tulsa, which is engaged in road and bridge construction, civil works and building construction and construction management in the United States, Mexico, and the Central American/Caribbean region. Ambassador Rooney currently serves on several corporate and civic boards and is a member of the Board of Advisors of the Panama Canal Authority.
From 1991-99 Ambassador Rooney was a Director of the Young President’s Organization (YPO) and served as the International President of the organization from 1997-98. He has served as Vice-Chairman of the Oklahoma Turnpike Authority, Director of the Oklahoma Capital Investment Board, and a member of the Washington Advisory Council of the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington. Currently, Ambassador Rooney is a member of the Advisory Board of the University of Notre Dame School of Architecture, and was granted an honorary degree from that university in 2006. A graduate of Georgetown University (A.B. 1975) and its Law Center (J.D. 1978), he is a member of the District of Columbia and Texas Bars.
Francis Rooney and his wife Kathleen have three children, and they currently reside in Naples, Florida, and Tulsa.
Dr. Jean A. Garrison, University of Wyoming
“China’s Quest for Energy Security–Implications for American Foreign Policy”
China’s future political stability depends critically on the continuation of rapid economic growth. But the country’s growth prospects depend in turn on China’s ability to import vastly larger supplies of energy. China’s search for secure supplies of oil and gas have led it into close relationships with a number of regimes which are hostile to U.S. interests. Whether President Obama’s recent visit to Beijing will increase cooperation or intensify competition between our two countries is yet to be seen.
Dr. Jean Garrison’s research interests focus on American foreign policy, with an emphasis on U.S.-China relations, energy security, presidential foreign policy advisory systems, bureaucratic politics, and group decision-making dynamics. She is the author of China’s Quest for Energy Security in Asia: Determinants of Policy, 2009; Making China Policy: Nixon to G.W. Bush (Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2005) and Games Advisors Play: Foreign Policy in the Nixon and Carter Administrations (College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 1999) and numerous articles in journals such as Asia Policy, Asian Affairs: An American Review, Asian Perspective, International Studies Review, Foreign Policy Analysis, and Political Psychology.
During 2004, Dr. Garrison received a prestigious Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship and served in the Office of Chinese and Mongolian Affairs with the U.S. State Department’s Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs. In 2007-08 she spent a sabbatical leave, in part, as a visiting fellow at The Mansfield Foundation in Washington, D.C. completing a book manuscript focusing on “China’s Quest for Energy Security in Asia.” Her future work will focus more specifically on climate change as an energy security issue.
Dr. Gale Mattox, U.S. Naval Academy
“NATO: In Search of a Strategic Concept”
Dr. Gale A. Mattox is Professor, Political Science Department , US Naval Academy (1981- ), was elected department chair (2003-7) and elected chair of chairs (2004-7). She has been awarded the Distinguished Fulbright-Dow Research Chair at the Roosevelt Center, Netherlands for Spring 2009. Prof. Mattox served on the Policy Planning Staff, Department of State (1994-95), was a Council on Foreign Relations Fellow at State Dept. Office of Strategic and Theater Nuclear Policy (1984-85) and an international affairs analyst, Congressional Research Service. She has been a Bosch Fellow in Germany, NATO Research Fellow, and Fulbright Scholar.
Mattox has held the offices of President (1996-2003) and VP (1987-94) of Women in International Security (WIIS), Center for Peace and Security Studies at Georgetown University in Washington, DC and served as VP of the International Studies Association and is now Co-chair of the ISA Women’s Caucus.
She has served on numerous boards, including the Tactical Advisory Council, Center for Naval Analysis and the George Marshall Center advisory board, Germany and now serves on the advisory boards of St. Mary’s College Womens Center, the Forum for Security Studies, the Swedish National Defense University and WIIS.
With A. Rachwald, Professor Mattox published Enlarging NATO: the National Debates, (2001) and with C. Kelleher Evolving European Defense Policies (1987). She has co-edited Germany In Transition, Germany at the Crossroads and Germany Through American Eyes and has published widely in scholarly journals. She holds numerous awards and has appeared on the Lehrer News Hour and other media outlets.
Dr. Andrew Bacevich, Boston University
“The Limits of Power: The U.S. in Iraq and Afghanistan”
Andrew J. Bacevich is Professor of International Relations and History at Boston University. A graduate of the U. S. Military Academy, he received his Ph. D. in American Diplomatic History from Princeton University. Before joining the faculty of Boston University in 1998, he taught at West Point and at Johns Hopkins University.
Bacevich is the author of The Limits of Power: American Exceptionalism (2008). His previous books include American Empire: The Realities and Consequences of U. S. Diplomacy (2002), The Imperial Tense: Problems and Prospects of American Empire (2003) (editor), The New American Militarism: How Americans Are Seduced by War (2005), and The Long War: A New History of US National Security Policy since World War II (2007) (editor). His essays and reviews have appeared in a wide variety of scholarly and general interest publications including The Wilson Quarterly, The National Interest, Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The Nation, The American Conservative, and The New Republic . His op-eds have appeared in the New York Times, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, Boston Globe, Los Angeles Times, and USA Today, among other newspapers.
In 2004, Dr. Bacevich was a Berlin Prize Fellow at the American Academy in Berlin. He has also been a fellow of the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University, the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and the Council on Foreign Relations in New York.
Chris Farrell, Marketplace Money
“The Globalization of Financial Policy-Making: Implications and Choices for the USA”
Chris Farrell is economics editor for Marketplace Money, a weekly one-hour personal finance show syndicated nationally on public radio by American Public Media. An award winning journalist, Chris is a regular contributor to Marketplace Morning Report and chief economics correspondent for American Public Media’s documentary unit, American Radio Works, and Minnesota Public Radio. He is contributing editor at Business Week magazine.
His latest book is The New Frugality: How to Consume Less, Save More and Live Better. He’s written two other books, Deflation: What Happens When Prices Fall, and Right on the Money: Taking Control of Your Personal Finances.
Chris is a graduate of Stanford University and the London School of Economics.
Dr. Mike Morris, Oklahoma State University
“The New South Africa: An Entrepreneurial View from the Townships”
Michael Morris holds the N. Malone Mitchell Chair in Entrepreneurship at Oklahoma State University and is the Head of the School of Entrepreneurship at OSU. Formerly the Witting Chair at Syracuse University, his entrepreneurship programs have consistently been ranked among the top ten by US News and World Report, Fortune Small Business, and the Princeton Review/ Entrepreneur Magazine.
A widely published author and researcher, Dr. Morris has written seven books and over 100 peer-reviewed academic articles in the Journal of Business Venturing, Journal of Management, Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, Journal of Business Ethics, Journal of International Business Studies, and Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, among others. He annually leads the Entrepreneurship Empowerment in South Africa (EESA) Program, working with historically disadvantaged entrepreneurs.
He is the co-editor of the Entrepreneurship Series published by Prentice-Hall, the Immediate Past President of the United States Association for Small Business & Entrepreneurship, has chaired the American Marketing Association’s Task Force on Marketing and Entrepreneurship. For six years he served as editor of the Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship. In addition, he has been a principal in three entrepreneurial start-ups. Twice honored by Pi Sigma Epsilon as national Faculty Advisor of the Year, Dr. Morris has received the Edwin M. and Gloria W. Appel Prize for contributions to the field of entrepreneurship, and is a recipient of the regional Ernst and Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award. He is a former Fulbright Scholar (South Africa, 1993) and has been inducted as a “21st Century Entrepreneurship Research Fellow” by the Global Consortium of Entrepreneurship Centers.
Dr. Wayne S. Smith, Senior Fellow and Director of the Cuba Program Center for International Policy
“The Full Moon and U.S. Policy toward Cuba”
Wayne S. Smith was born in Texas in 1932. He obtained degrees from the La Universidad de las Americas (BA), Columbia University (MA) and the George Washington University (PhD).
Smith served in the United States Marine Corps from 1949 to 1953 and saw combat during the the Korean War. He joined the Department of State in 1957, and saw service in the Soviet Union, Argentina and Cuba. In 1961 he was appointed by President John F. Kennedy to serve as the Executive Secretary of his Latin American Task Force.
Smith served as Chief of the U.S. Interest Section in Cuba from 1979 to 1982 but left the Foreign Service in 1982 because of fundamental disagreements with the foreign policy of President Ronald Reagan.
In 1982 Smith was appointed as Senior Associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in Washington. In 1985 he became Adjunct Professor of Latin American studies at the Johns Hopkins University and since 1992 a Senior Fellow at the Center for International Policy in Washington.
Wayne S. Smith is the author of several books including Castro’s Cuba: Soviet Partner or Nonaligned? (1985), The Closest of Enemies: Personal and Diplomatic Account of United States-Cuban Relations Since 1957 (1988), Subject to Solution: Problems in Cuban-U.S.Relations (1988), Portrait of Cuba (1991) and The Russians Aren’t Coming: New Soviet Policy in Latin America (1992).
In March, 2001, Smith was a member of a United States delegation that visited the scene of the Bay of Pigs battle. The party included Arthur Schlesinger (historian), Robert Reynolds (the CIA station chief in Miami during the invasion), Jean Kennedy Smith (sister of John F. Kennedy), Alfredo Duran (Bay of Pigs veteran) and Richard Goodwin (Kennedy political adviser and speech writer).
Wayne S. Smith is currently a Center for International Policy Senior Fellow and director of the Cuba Program.