Dr. Robert P. Haffa, Jr., Haffa Defense Consulting, LLC
“American Defense: Where We Need to Spend More, Where We Need to Spend Less”
Robert P. Haffa, Jr., brings a unique combination of military, academic, and defense industry experience to his analyses and planning skills. His 24-year Air Force career included operational flying assignments in reconnaissance and tactical fighter wings in Viet Nam, the United Kingdom and the Republic of Korea. He served in the Pentagon, directing assignments directing Air Force long-range planning and overseeing a Staff Group working directly for the Air Force Chief of Staff.
He earned a B.S. from the U.S. Air Force Academy, a M.A. in Political Science from Georgetown University, and a Ph.D. in Political Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. A former Professor and Acting Head of the Department of Political Science at the U.S. Air Force Academy, he has also taught at Georgetown, Johns Hopkins and American Military universities where his courses included topics on U.S. national security, the Defense budget and force planning.
Dr. Haffa recently retired from Northrop Grumman Corporation where he directed the Analysis Center, the company’s “think tank” charged with understanding the future path of American defense and security policies, and developing specific analyses of those issues for both internal and external customers.
Mickey Edwards, Former Member of Congress from Oklahoma, Vice President, Aspen Institute
“What Ever Happened to Bipartisanship in Foreign Policy?”
Mickey Edwards was a Republican member of Congress for 16 years (serving the Oklahoma City area) and a chairman of the House Republican leadership’s policy committee. After leaving Congress, he taught at Harvard for 11 years, where he was voted the Kennedy School’s most outstanding teacher, and at Princeton for five years. He currently runs a political leadership program for elected officials as Vice President of the Aspen Institute and teaches defense policy and foreign policy at George Washington University.
Edwards served for five years as national chairman of the American Conservative Union and the annual Conservative Political Action Conference. He was one of three founding trustees of the Heritage Foundation. In 1980, he directed more than a dozen joint House-Senate policy advisory task forces for Ronald Reagan’s presidential campaign. He is a director of The Constitution Project and has chaired task forces for the Council on Foreign Relations and the Brookings Institution. He served on the American Bar Association task force that condemned President George W. Bush, and his most recent book, Reclaiming Conservatism, was published in 2008.
Edwards has been a regular political commentator on NPR’s All Things Considered. His newspaper columns have appeared in the Chicago Tribune and Los Angeles Times, for which he has been a regular weekly columnist, and frequently in such other publications as the New York Times, Washington Post, Boston Globe, San Francisco Examiner, Miami Herald and Wall Street Journal. Edwards has also authored numerous books and articles: “The Modern Conservative Movement” (2006), “Is Congress Gaining the Upper Hand? – Or is the Power of the President Dominant – A Century Foundation Essay,” (2003), “Foreign Assistance and Foreign Policy (The Heritage Lectures)” (1987), “Behind Enemy Lines: A Rebel in Congress Proposes a Bold New Politics for the 1980s” (1983), “Hazardous to Your Health: A New Look at the Health Care Crisis in America” (1972) and co-authored “Winning the Influence Game: What Every Business Leader Should Know About Government” (2001) and “Financing America’s Leadership: Protecting American Interests and Promoting American Values” (1997). His latest book “Reclaiming Conservatism” was issued in February, 2008, by Oxford University Press.
Peter F. Allgeier, Former Ambassador to the WTO and Deputy U.S. Trade Representative
“How Can the U.S. Regain Competitiveness in Foreign Trade?”
Peter Allgeier joined C&M International, Ltd. (CMI) as President on September 8, 2009, after nearly three decades at the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR), where he was a negotiator on nearly every major U.S. trade initiative since the Carter Administration. C&M International is the international trade and investment consulting firm affiliated with Crowell & Moring LLP.
From 2001-2009, Ambassador Allgeier served as Deputy USTR, nominated for this position by President George W. Bush. He served as U.S. Ambassador and Permanent Representative to the World Trade Organization (WTO) in Geneva, Switzerland from October 2005 until August 2009. He also was appointed Acting U.S. Trade Representative during two transitions, from February through April 2005 and from January through March 2009.
Ambassador Allgeier joined USTR in June 1980 as an international economist dealing with Asia, serving in 1981 as Director for Japanese Affairs. Between 1981 and 1985, he served as Deputy Assistant USTR for Asia and the Pacific. In 1985 U.S. Trade Representative Clayton Yeutter appointed him Assistant USTR for Asia and the Pacific. In 1989 U.S. Trade Representative Carla Hills appointed him Assistant USTR for Europe and the Mediterranean. U.S. Trade Representative Mickey Kantor appointed him Associate U.S. Trade Representative for the Western Hemisphere in 1995.
During his career at USTR, Mr. Allgeier has conducted major negotiations with countries throughout Asia, Europe (including the former Soviet Union), the Middle East, and Latin America and the Caribbean, as well as multilateral negotiations in the United Nations, the World Trade Organization (WTO), and its predecessor organization, the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). These negotiations have included: free trade agreements, elimination/reduction of foreign tariffs and non-tariff barriers on U.S. goods and services; bilateral investment treaties; improvements in foreign laws governing patents, trademarks and copyrights; government procurement; removal of foreign export subsidies; and treaties normalizing U.S. trade and investment relations with the countries of Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union.
Assistant Secretary of State Rose Gottemoeller
“After New START: What’s Next in Arms Control with Russia?”
Rose Gottemoeller was sworn in as the Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, on April 6, 2009. She was the chief negotiator of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) with the Russian Federation.
Since 2000, she had been with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She most recently was a senior associate in the Carnegie Russia & Eurasia Program in Washington, D.C., where she worked on U.S.–Russian relations and nuclear security and stability. She also served as the director of the Carnegie Moscow Center from January 2006 – December 2008.
Formerly Deputy Undersecretary of Energy for Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation and before that, Assistant Secretary for Nonproliferation and National Security, also at the Department of Energy, she was responsible for all nonproliferation cooperation with Russia and the Newly Independent States. She first joined the Department of Energy in November 1997 as director of the Office of Nonproliferation and National Security.
Prior to her work at the Department of Energy, Ms. Gottemoeller served for 3 years as Deputy Director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in London. From 1993 to 1994, she served on the National Security Council in the White House as director for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia Affairs, with responsibility for denuclearization in Ukraine, Kazakhstan, and Belarus. Previously, she was a social scientist at RAND and a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow. She has taught on Soviet military policy and Russian security at Georgetown University.
Ms. Gottemoeller received a B.S. from Georgetown University, and a M.A. from George Washington University. She is fluent in Russian.
Rose Gottemoeller last spoke to the Tulsa Committee in December 2001.
Dr. Dan E. Caldwell, Pepperdine University
“Vortex of Conflict: U.S. Policy in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Iraq”
Dr. Dan E. Caldwell is currently Distinguished Professor of International Relations at Pepperdine University in Malibu, California, where he has been a professor since 1978. Dr. Caldwell served for three years on active duty as an officer in the U.S. Naval Reserve and during that time held positions at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California, and in the executive office of the President in Washington, D.C.
Dr. Caldwell is the author of American-Soviet Relations, The Dynamics of Domestic Politics and Arms Control: The SALT II Treaty Ratification Debate (The University of South Carolina Press, 1991), World Politics and You (Prentice-Hall Publishers, Inc., 2000), and (with Robert Williams), Seeking Security in an Insecure World, ( Rowman and Littlefield, 2006). His most recent book, Vortex of Conflict: U.S. Policy Toward Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq (Stanford, 2011) gives a clear, accurate account of the origins of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, especially how and why the U.S. became so involved in the affairs of Pakistan. Concluding the work is a summary of key lessons to be learned from the wars and their application to future conflicts.
Dr. Caldwell earned his AB, MA and PhD degrees at Stanford University and a master’s degree from the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University. He has held visiting faculty appointments at the University of Southern California, UCLA and Brown University. Among the awards that Dr. Caldwell has received are Professor of the Year at Pepperdine University, the Charles and Harriet Luckman Teaching Award, the Pew Faculty Fellowship in International Affairs at Harvard University, and a United States Institute of Peace Fellowship. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and chair of the Council’s Academic Outreach Initiative.
Tamim Khallaf, Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs
“Egypt and the Arab Spring: Prospects, Challenges, and the Future of the Middle East”
Tamim Khallaf has served as a diplomat in the Egyptian Ministry of Foreign Affairs for the past 10 years. He focuses on nonproliferation, disarmament, and international security issues. From 2004 to 2008, he served in Egypt’s Permanent Mission to the United Nations in Geneva and was among numerous official Egyptian delegations to meetings of the Nuclear Non Proliferation Treaty and Biological Weapons Convention. Prior to joining the Foreign Ministry, he served in the Office of the Secretary General of the League of Arab States.
Mr. Khallaf was a Fellow at Harvard University’s Weatherhead Center for International Affairs from 2008-2009. While at Harvard, he pursued research on nuclear non-proliferation and on the peaceful uses of nuclear energy in the Middle East. As a recipient of the British Chevening Scholarship Award, he received his Master of Science (MSc) in International Relations from the London School of Economics (LSE). He was also the recipient of the Sasakawa Young Leaders Graduate Scholar Award and received his Master of Arts (MA) in Political Science from the American University in Cairo.
Mr. Khallaf was selected by the World Economic Forum in Geneva in March 2011 as a Young Global Leader in 2011, an honor bestowed on 100 outstanding young leaders worldwide under the age of 40 for their professional accomplishments, commitment to society, and potential to contribute to shaping the future of the world.
Mr. Khallaf has lectured at several think tanks and universities including Harvard University, MIT, and the American University in Cairo. He has several publications primarily in the field of nuclear non-proliferation, but also on Middle East Politics and United Nations Peacekeeping.
He is currently on leave. He is a Visiting Fellow at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute for International Studies in California.
Lt. Gen. Frank G. Klotz (USAF, retired), Council on Foreign Relations
“After Iraq and Afghanistan: America’s New Defense Strategy…and Budget”
Lieutenant General Frank Klotz (USAF, Ret.) is senior fellow for strategic studies and arms control at the Council on Foreign Relations (CFR). He is the former commander of Air Force Global Strike Command. In that position, he established and then led a brand new 23,000-person organization that merged responsibility for all U.S. nuclear-capable bombers and land-based missiles under a single chain-of-command.
Earlier in his military career, General Klotz served as the defense attaché at U.S. Embassy Moscow during a particularly eventful period in U.S.-Russian relations. As the senior American military officer based in Russia, he advised the ambassador and senior U.S. officials on a wide range of bilateral defense issues, including financial support for securing weapons of mass destruction and cooperation in Arctic search and rescue.
Later, as the director for nuclear policy and arms control on the National Security Council staff, he represented the White House in the talks that led to the signing of the 2002 Moscow Treaty to reduce operationally-deployed strategic nuclear weapons. He subsequently coordinated the executive branch’s negotiations with the Senate Foreign Relations Committee to ratify the Moscow Treaty, resulting in a 95-0 vote in favor by the full Senate.
From 2005 to 2007, General Klotz was the vice commander of Air Force Space Command, a 39,400-person organization with responsibility for developing, acquiring and operating a global network of launch, satellite control, communications, and missile warning facilities. He was awarded the prestigious General Thomas D. White Trophy by the Air Force Association for the most outstanding contribution to progress in aerospace in 2006. General Klotz has spoken extensively on defense and space topics to audiences throughout the United States, as well as abroad. He is the author of Space, Commerce and National Security (Council on Foreign Relations Press, 1998) and America on the Ice: Antarctic Policy Issues (National Defense University Press, 1990).
A distinguished graduate of the U.S. Air Force Academy, General Klotz attended Oxford University as a Rhodes Scholar, where he earned an MPhil in international relations and a DPhil in politics. He is also a graduate of the National War College in Washington, DC. He served as a White House fellow at the State Department and as a military fellow at CFR. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the International Institute for Strategic Studies.
Col. T.X. Hammes (USMC, retired)
“Defense in Times of Austerity”
In his thirty years in the Marine Corps, T. X. Hammes served at all levels in the operating forces to include command of a rifle company, weapons company, intelligence company, infantry battalion and the Chemical Biological Incident Response Force. His staff billets include regimental and division intelligence officer; regimental logistics officer; division G-3 operations officer; division G-3 training officer; division, fleet, and expeditionary force plans officer.
During his time in the operating forces, he participated in stabilization operations in Somalia and Iraq as well as training insurgents in various places. Hammes graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy, The Basic School, US Army Infantry Officers Advanced Course, Marine Corps Command and Staff College and the Canadian National Defence College. He also spent one year on a Research Fellowship with the Mershon Center for Strategic Studies. He has a Masters of Historical Research and Doctor of Philosophy in Modern History from Oxford University and has lectured widely at U.S. and International Staff and War Colleges.
Hammes is the author of “The Sling and the Stone: On War in the Twenty-First Century” and over 80 articles and opinion pieces. He has been a featured speaker on future conflict and homeland security at conferences in the United Kingdom, Norway, Sweden, Singapore, the Netherlands, France, Italy, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Estonia, Switzerland and Austria.
Dr. Richard Millett
“Mexico’s Elections and the War on Drugs: What Does the Future Hold?”
Dr Richard L. Millett received his AB with honors from Harvard and his M.A. and Ph.D. from the University of New Mexico. He did postdoctoral work at Ohio State University and is a graduate of the Air War College. He taught at Southern Illinois University from 1966 through 1999. He has also taught at the University of Miami, St. Louis University, the Air War College, the Marine Corps University, Copenhagen Business School, and four universities in Colombia.
He has published over one hundred items, including Colombia’s Conflicts: The Spillover Effects of a Wider War (2002), Beyond Praetorianism: The Latin American Military in Transition (1996), and Searching for Panama (1993). His co-edited volume (with Orlando Perez and Jennifer Holmes) Latin American Democracy: Emerging Reality or Endangered Species?, was published by Routledge in January, 2009. The Combat Studies Institute of the U.S. Army published his monograph Searching For Stability: The U.S. Creation of Constabulary Forces In Latin America and the Philippines in 2010. His articles have appeared in Foreign Policy, The Wilson Quarterly, Joint Forces Quarterly, Journal of Inter-American Studies, Current History, The New Republic, and numerous other journals. His current research is focused on transnational crime in the Americas, on U.S. interventions, and on prospects for democracy in nation’s emerging from authoritarian rule. His articles have appeared in the Washington Post, Miami Herald, Los Angeles Times, Newsday, the Journal of Commerce, and the St. Louis Post Dispatch. He has testified before Congress on 19 occasions, appeared on every major national TV network, including the PBS News Hour and Crossfire. He has appeared on television in over a dozen other nations. He regularly travels to Mexico to participate in international security programs sponsored by the Law Faculty of the University of Nuevo Leon.
He is also Senior Advisor for Latin America to Political Risk Services; and a Research Associate of the Center for International Studies, University of Missouri-St. Louis. In 1993 he held the Chair of Military Affairs and in 2000 and 2001 held the Oppenheimer Chair of Warfighting Strategy at the Marine Corps University. For a year, beginning in August, 2007 he held the Fulbright Distinguished Chair of American Studies in Denmark. He is Vice President and Director of the St. Louis Committee on Foreign Relations and a member of the Board of the American Committees on Foreign Relations. He is also a Board Member and past Vice President of the Inter-American Defense College Foundation.
Dr. Robert H. Donaldson
“Putin’s Return: What Does it Mean for Russia and for the U.S.?”
Robert H. Donaldson is Trustees Professor of Political Science at the University of Tulsa, where he served as President from 1990-96. Previously (1984-90) Dr. Donaldson was President of Fairleigh Dickinson University and Provost of Lehman College of the City University of New York (1981-84). He has also taught at Vanderbilt University and at Harvard University; the latter institution awarded his B.A., M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in political science.
Dr. Donaldson has authored or co-authored six books and monographs and about three dozen articles and book chapters, mostly on the politics and foreign policy of the Soviet Union and Russia. Much of his research has centered on Moscow’s policies Asia. His latest book, with Joseph Nogee, is The Foreign Policy of Russia: Changing Systems, Enduring Interests, originally published in 1998 by M.E. Sharpe, Inc., and with a fifth edition to be published in 2013. He is currently researching the role of NATO enlargement in recent U.S.-Russian relations.
Dr. Donaldson has lectured widely and has served as a consultant to several government agencies. In 1973-74 he was a Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellow serving as a consultant to the Department of State, and in 1978-79 he was Visiting Research Professor at the Strategic Studies Institute of the U.S. Army War College. In recent years, he has made numerous trips to Russia, where he helped establish programs in which the University of Tulsa has participated. A member of the Council on Foreign Relations, Dr. Donaldson is also Director of the Tulsa Committee on Foreign Relations.